Canada's economy is integrated with the United States' to the point where it makes absolutely no sense to proceed without aligning a range of principles, policies, regulations and standards.
For this reason, Canada has fully aligned its 2020 emission reduction target to reduce emissions by 17 percent from 2005 levels with the United States. This target has been inscribed in the Copenhagen Accord and is subject to adjustment to remain consistent with the U.S. target.
In November 2012, proposed regulations limiting emissions from passenger vehicles and light trucks model years 2017 and beyond were released, building on the final regulations for model years 2011-2016. As a result of the regulations, it is projected that the average greenhouse gas emissions from 2025 vehicles will be reduced by about 50% from those sold in 2008.
With regards to heavy-duty vehicles, in February 2013 the Government of Canada released final regulations limiting emissions for the 2014 and later model years. Through the implementation of the standards, it is anticipated that the average greenhouse gas emissions from 2018 heavy-duty vehicles will be reduced by up to 23 percent.
Canada and the United States have established the Clean Energy Dialogue, which is enhancing joint collaboration on the development of clean energy science and technologies to reduce greenhouse gases and combat climate change.
Canada-U.S. collaboration under the Clean Energy Dialogue is being advanced in three key areas: