Q1. What is Canada's goal at this year's UN climate change conference in Doha, Qatar?
Q2. Why is Canada insisting on an international agreement by all major emitters?
Q3. How are the provinces/territories involved?
Q4. What is Canada doing at home to fight climate change?
Q5. Where is Canada reporting on its progress to reduce greenhouse gas emissions?
Q6. What is Canada doing to help Canadians adapt to climate change?
Q7. How is Canada supporting climate change efforts in developing countries?
Q8. How else is Canada supporting international efforts to fight climate change?
Canada's goal at this year's conference is to advance the establishment of a single, new international climate change agreement with legally binding commitments for all major emitters to be implemented by 2020. Such an agreement will support constructive and ambitious global action, and balance environmental protection and economic prosperity.
In Qatar, Canada will work with its international partners to advance the Durban Platform for Enhanced Action, as the basis for a single, new international agreement, while building on the political consensus reached by Leaders under the Copenhagen Accord. Canada will also work to advance the many initiatives successfully launched at both the Cancun and Durban Climate Conferences.
Canada believes thatin order to be fair and effective, a new international climate change agreement must include significant commitments by all major emitters, including the US and China, which are currently responsible for close to 40% of global emissions.
What's more, it is expected that major emerging economies like China and India will be responsible for almost all future growth in global emissions, and by 2020 will represent about two-thirds of total global emissions. It will be essential, to ensure sustainable global development, that major emerging economies take effective action now and in the future to mitigate emissions growth as their economies grow.
The Government of Canada has invited a representative from each jurisdiction to participate at COP18 as part of Canada's delegation. Canada has engaged provinces and territories in this way since 2009.
The Government of Canada is developing and implementing regulations requiring key sectors of the Canadian economy to reduce their greenhouse gas emissions. So far, action has been taken on two of Canada's largest sources of emissions - transportation and electricity. We are addressing emissions from other major-emitting sectors such as oil and gas. Learn more on how Canada is reducing greenhouse gases.
Canada is halfway there in its national effort to meet its Copenhagen target to reduce Canada's greenhouse gas emissions by 17% from 2005 levels by 2020. The combined efforts to date of federal, provincial and territorial governments, of consumers, and of businesses will generate half the GHG reduction required to meet Canada's GHG target for 2020. More work is required, and the federal government is continuing to implement its sector-by-sector regulatory approach to achieve additional reductions needed for Canada to meet its 2020 target.
In November 2011, Canada announced a $148.8 million investment over five years (2011-2016) to support programs that help Canadians adapt to a changing climate, particularly in the North. This funding will allow the Government of Canada to provide credible, scientifically-sound information to support adaptation planning and decision-making.
Examples of funded programs include $29.84 million for Environment Canada's Climate Change Prediction and Scenarios Program and $35 million for Natural Resources Canada towards Enhancing Competitiveness in a Changing Climate. The full list of funded programs is available on Environment Canada's Web site.
Canada is contributing $1.2 billion in climate change financing over fiscal years 2010/11, 11/12, and 12/13 to support developing countries' efforts to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and adapt to the adverse impacts of climate change. This support focuses on three priority areas - adaptation, clean energy, and forests and agriculture. This is Canada's largest ever contribution to international efforts to address climate change. Learn more on Canada's fast-start financing projects.
Examples of Canada's contribution include $291.5 million to the International Finance Corporation to support a broad portfolio of clean energy projects in developing countries, and $200 million to support clean technology deployment in developing countries through the Clean Technology Fund, a component of the Climate Investment Funds. More information on funded projects is available on climatechange.gc.ca.
Canada is also broadening its efforts beyond the formal United Nations framework by working with other groups through forums such as: the Climate and Clean Air Coalition to Reduce Short-Lived Climate Pollutants, the Major Economies Forum on Energy and Climate Change (MEF), the G8 and the G20, to develop practical solutions to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and short-lived climate pollutants.